The consonant system of Alege


  • Bosco Okolo-obi Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies
  • Roseline I. C. Alerechi Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies
  • Ebitare F. Obikudo Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies


Alege Language, Consonant System, Phonetic Analysis, Phonemic Analysis


Alege is a minority Bendi language spoken in Alege community in Cross River State, Nigeria. Hitherto, the language remains largely undescribed. This study therefore examines the consonant system of the language. The goal is to provide an adequate description of the distinctive consonant inventory that will be useful in designing an orthography for the language. Data for this study were gathered through series of fieldwork undertaken between 2016 and 2019 in the community. The study adopts a descriptive approach for the analysis of both phonetic and phonemic data. For instrumental analysis, a palatography test is used to interpret phonetic data while the Phonology Assistance is employed for phonemic analysis. In addition, the study also adopts the classical phonemics method in determining the phonemic status of consonants in the language. Based on the findings, thirty-seven (37) phonetic consonants were identified. Using the principle of contrast, twenty-nine (29) phonemes were established in the language. Although a phoneme, the voiced labiodental fricative /v/ it has very limited occurrence in the language. The voiced bilabial fricative [β] is considered a social variant of the voiced bilabial stop [b] since it is conditioned by the age of the speaker. The voiced bilabial and voiced alveolar nasals /m n/ are the only consonants permitted as codas in the language. Homorganic nasal assimilation and labialization are some of the prevalent features of the consonant system of the language.

Author Biographies

Bosco Okolo-obi, Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies

University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt

Roseline I. C. Alerechi, Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies

University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt

Ebitare F. Obikudo, Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies

University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt


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How to Cite

Okolo-obi, B. ., I. C. Alerechi, R. ., & F. Obikudo, E. . (2019). The consonant system of Alege. Journal of The Linguistic Association of Nigeria, 22(2), 129–142. Retrieved from