The Effect of Hate Speech on Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in Umuahia North LGA, Abia State

Main Article Content

Ngozi Ijeoma Ugo-Ochaulo
Clara Nnenna Inekwe


Research has shown that when learners are emotionally destabilized, its negative impact on learning experiences and achievement is inevitable. The use of hateful expressions by teachers  and peers which targets the students’ disabilities, gender, ethnic backgrounds, and so on, is  generating a stepwise entry into schools, consequently demotivating learning and affecting  achievement. The thrust of this study therefore, is to first, examine copious hate expressions  used by teachers and peers and their resultant effects on secondary school students’ emotions  and academic performance. Secondly, to investigate the gender of teachers and peers that use  hate speech more. Data for the study were generated through a questionnaire administered on one hundred and twenty randomly selected students as well as twenty teachers respectively. The participants were drawn from four public secondary schools in Umuahia North L.G.A., Abia State, Nigeria. The result indicates among other things, that hate expressions leave students with a feeling of low self-esteem, depression, loneliness, absenteeism, leading to poor academic performance as well as final drop out from school. The paper calls for strict measures against the use of incendiary statements on students by teachers and prohibition of hate language in our institutions of learning. In addition, negative peer group influence should be discouraged by education stakeholders.


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How to Cite
Ijeoma Ugo-Ochaulo , N. ., & Nnenna Inekwe, C. . (2018). The Effect of Hate Speech on Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in Umuahia North LGA, Abia State. Journal of The Linguistic Association of Nigeria, 21(2), 188–196. Retrieved from
Author Biographies

Ngozi Ijeoma Ugo-Ochaulo , Michael Okpara University of Agriculture

Umudike, Abia State

Clara Nnenna Inekwe, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture

Umudike, Abia State


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